Armenia is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe it has borders with Turkey to the west, with Georgia to the north, with independent Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Nakhchivan autonomous region to the south.
Armenia is situated along the route of the Great Silk Road, it has fallen within the orbit of a number of cultural influences and empires. It is one of the earliest Christian civilizations, its first churches were founded in the fourth century. Its rich cultural and architectural heritage combines elements from different traditions. Armenian language is part of the Indo-European language family, but its alphabet is unique.